Research studies in Japan are also promoting new types of applications with SCC, such as in lattice type structures, casting without pump, and tunnel linings.
Since the development of SCC in Japan, many organizations across the world have carried out research on properties of SCC.
In Japan, the volume of SCC in construction has risen steadily over the years.
Data indicate that the share of application of SCC in precast concrete industry is more than three times higher than that in the ready-mixed concrete industry. The estimated average price of SCC supplied by the RMC industry in Japan was 1.5 times that of the conventional concrete in the year 2002.
In recent years, an emerging technology termed Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC) become popular in construction industry.
A series of experimental tests carried out to investigate the structural behavior of SCC reinforced beams.
The HRWRA helps in achieving excellent flow at low water contents and VMA reduces bleeding and improves the stability of the concrete mixture.
The highly fluid nature of SCC makes it suitable for placing in difficult conditions and in sections with congested reinforcement.The questions that dominate the selection of materials for SCC are: (i) limits on the amount of marginally unsuitable aggregates, that is, those deviating from ideal shapes and sizes, (ii) choice of HRWR, (iii) choice of VMA, and (iv) interaction and compatibility between cement, HRWR, and VMA. Aggregates Aggregates constitute the bulk of a concrete mixture, and give dimensional stability to concrete.Among the various properties of aggregate, the important ones for SCC are the shape and gradation.It is possible that the highly flowable nature of SCC could allow a higher proportion of flaky aggregates compared to normal concrete. O’Flannery and O’Mahony have devised a method for shape characterisation of coarse aggregate, which could assist in designing SCC mixtures having marginally unsuitable aggregates.The purpose of the study was to determine dimensional parameters for ‘fingerprinting’ any given coarse aggregate sample.